Http stands for Hypertext Transfer or Transport protocol. Much like the TCP, Http's job is to mediate the transfer of data. Http transfers data using a standard set of rules that apply to the World Wide Web. HTML, Hyper Text Markup Language, is the foundation of the webpages and the data being sent. It tells the webpage what its' setup should like, such as where the header and paragraphs go etc. CSS or Cascading Style Sheets makes the webpage look pretty. It determines spacing, color, font and the size of text boxes. Users find different web pages using web browsers such as Safari, Google Chrome, Internet Explorer 8, Opera and Firefox.
When users look for a specific web page they enter in that web page's "Domain name." For example, www.google.com is Google's domain name. The Domain Name System is a ranked allocated naming system for computers, services, or any system connected to the internet. Each web page is assigned a domain name. The domain name can be divided into smaller parts. The first part www is the subdomain, but not all web pages have to use www as their subdomain. The center part of the Domain Name is called the domain. For example, in www.google.com, Google is the domain. The last part is called the top level domain. The top level domain can end in .com, .gov, .edu, or .org etc. It is the job of the Domain Name System to provide a translation between it and the address spaces. The domain name is linked to an IP address.
An IP address stands for Internet Protocol. Every device has an IP address including Smart phones, home computers and tablets. The IP address has two main functions. One of those functions is the networking or hosting of interface identification. The second function of an IP address is location addressing. Addressing or a logical address is the address at which data appears to be located from the view of a program or application. IP addresses consist of a set of binary numbers, which are often too difficult and troublesome for people to remember which is why the DNS was created. The use of the DNS dates back to the use of the ARPANET.
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